Volume 2 Issue 3 | January 31, 2019
Interventional Preventive Caries Management: Time to Shift the Paradigm
Dental Caries is a chronic, multifactorial plaque-based disease
that destroys the affected teeth. It gravely affects one’s life quality
and causes substantial monetary burden on suffering individuals
and communities. Decayed teeth have a significant impact on an
individual’s general health, nutrition and growth due to discomfort, pain and night sleeplessness. In kids, it enhances learning
disorders and subsequent failure to do homework. In adults, it
causes limitation in functioning and routine performance. Distress
of a person from dental caries has been reported in various studies
as one of the major causes of absenteeism from schools or work places.
Volume 2 Issue 3 | February 06, 2019
The Effect of Glass-Ionomer Versus Composite Bonding System on White Spot Lesion (Wsl) Formation Adjacent to Orthodontic Brackets and the Effect of Fluoride Varnish Application on Re-Mineralization of the Wsl
Hassan Jomana, Gisela Berenstein Ajzmanâ and Zilberman Uri.
White spot lesions (WSL) around orthodontic brackets are a well-known complication during and after orthodontic treatment. The aim of this in-vitro study was to determine if we can minimize or prevent this phenomenon by using different bonding systems and if we can re-mineralize the enamel using different fluoride enriched varnishes.
Extracted intact premolars were used- orthodontic brackets were bonded using a composite based bonding system, High Q Bond and a glass-ionomer bonding system, Fuji Ortho. Following brackets bonding, the teeth were placed in a cariogenic solution (pH around 4.0) for a period of 14 days. The effect of the cariogenic solution was observed using SEM at enlargements of 1000X. After demineralization process, two kinds of varnishes, MI varnish and Pro fluoride varnish. The effect of the varnish application was dem-onstrated using SEM pictures and chemical analyses of the treated enamel. The results showed that after bonding with glass-ionomer based cement no demineralization occurred around the brackets, while around brackets bonded with composite based cement a sig-nificant demineralization was observed. Application of fluoride varnishes remineralized the surface enamel and a significant amount of fluoride was found in the surface enamel.
Volume 2 Issue 3 | February 08, 2019
Evaluation of the Appearance of Dermatological Bullous Diseases in the Oral Cavity
Ilma Robo, Vera Ostreni, Saimir Heta, Eriola Meta1 and Alert Xhaja.
Introduction: Dermatological bullous diseases have visible signs in the oral cavity. The study is aimed at early detection of oral le-sions, to link them to the presence or not of apparent skin disorders affecting the quality of the patient's lifestyle. Patient awareness of coexistence between dermatological concerns and the presence of oral lesions should be the starting point of every dentist during the intraoral examination, after drying of the mucous membranes and gingiva.
Materials and Methods: The study includes patients randomly presented: patients at the University Clinic Albanian University and patients in the Dermatology Department, Qendra Spitalore Universitare “Nёnё Tereza”, during the period between november 2017 and january 2018. Patients were evaluated according to the Dermatological Life Quality Index (ICJD) and the presence of oral lesions in the oral cavity.
Results: Oral lesions reported in the patients appear to be more commonly occurring in female patients than in male patients over 40 years of age. Oral buccal mucosa areas are more affected than gingival area, palatum and tongue areas.
Conclusions: Detection of disorders during oral routine examination is the beginning to follow the evolution of these dermatologi-cal bullous diseases, as the further prognosis also depends on the moment of detection and awareness of the initial existence of the disease.
Keywords: ICJD; Bullous Diseases; Oral Mucous Membranes; Gingiva.
Volume 2 Issue 3 | February 18, 2019
Patterns of Hard Tissue Dental Abfractions as Indicators of Extrinsic Etiologies
Louis ZG Touyz, Leonardo M Nassani and Sarah JJ Touyz.
Background: Dental abfractions includes attrition, abrasion and erosion: Erosion is related to dental attrition and abrasion, but is different from these dental ravages. Dentists are often the first to notice dental erosion, but many are not aware of the implications of their observations.
Aim: This appraisal examines common patterns and causes of dental erosion and focuses on clinical manifestations of tooth erosion, derived from extrinsic etiologies (like abusive diets, chronic emesis and selected mental aberrations).
Discussion: Dentists and health care workers need to be more vigilant and advise patients about destructive habits relating to chronic damage to teeth. Not only dietary advice but also social and psychological counseling is often indicated.
Keywords:Acids; Attrition; Abrasion; Anorexia; Bulimia; Carboxylic; Dental; Erosion
Volume 2 Issue 3 | February 18, 2019
Evidence based Prosthodontics: Beginning with Doubts and Culminating in Certainties
Sara M Zayed.
The diversity of prosthodontic treatment modalities renders the choice of the appropriate treatment option a challenging pro-cess, affirming the essential requisite for evidence-based prosthodontics in the era of technological boom and information explosion. Currently, the literature needs more evidence based data to support the patient needs and investigator's requisites. Evidence-based prosthodontics can provide a more effective standard of care and better-quality data could be available to both researchers and deci-sion makers.
Keywords:Prosthodontics; Evidence-based Medicine (EBM); Evidence-based Practice (EBP); Evidence-based Dentistry (EBD)
Volume 2 Issue 3 | February 25, 2019
Indispensable Clues for CAD CAM Technology
CAD/CAM is the abbreviation of computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing. It is the technology involved with the utilization of digital computers to perform certain functions in design and production.