Volume 2 Issue 5 | April 01, 2019
The Role of Dental Pulp Stem Cells in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Although the tissues in the oral region show some regeneration
in response to various diseases, caries and trauma, the damage
of these tissues is often irreversible. Therefore, recent research
focuses on the regeneration of damaged tissue by techniques
such as tissue engineering, stem cell culture, and developmental
biology. Dental pulp-derived stem cells (DPSCs) are particularly
eye-catching in regenerative medicine studies because they
do not cause problems, especially ethically, embryonic and
mesenchymal stem cells.
Volume 2 Issue 5 | April 04, 2019
Biomineralogy of Paradentosis
Biomineralogical studies were conducted on teeth removed due to paradentosis and on attached micro fragments of gums.
Dentine dysfunction was found in the teeth, accompanied with mineralization of the channel in the roots where nerves and blood
vessels enter. Observed phenomena resulted in changes within teeth structure and on their surface.
Studies of the gums affected by paradentosis revealed their partial biomineralization. It involves presence of elevated levels of
calcium and phosphorus in various parts of the gum.
Mineralization in gums was also found within micro vessels. In the examined samples it was represented by micro crystals of
cholesterol, among others. Those crystals cause narrowing or even complete blockage of vessels. The consequence is malnourishment
of gums and teeth. The process is similar to malnourishment of skin leading to its aging. In the case of gums, it causes reduction of
their volume and height, and weakening of teeth fixation. The eventual result is tooth loss.
Keywords: Paradentosis; Tooth and Gum Biomineralogy
Volume 2 Issue 5 | May 13, 2019
The Historical Flaws of Angle’s classification
Angle distinguished orthodontics from general dentistry, not only in its teaching but also in its practice. He consistently tried to standardize orthodontic devices in order to produce them industrially. Therefore, the orthodontist stopped laboratory works. His book was edited seven times from 1887 to 1907. Each outlined the progress of his technique. In 1897, Angle graduated with a Doctor-ate in Medicine. In 1899, he classified malocclusions meticulously.
Keywords: Angle’s classification; Orthodontics; Malocclusions
Volume 2 Issue 5| May 13, 2019
Biodynamic Implantology. Immediate Loading and Full Mouth Restoration, Foreseeable Solution
for Advanced Periodontal Disease Surgical and Prosthetic Relevance with Aesthetic Considerations
Patricia Uribe Vargas.
The purpose of current implantology is to achieve natural, functional and stable aesthetic results using purified techniques, within
short term results and long-term stability. The objective of full mouth rehabilitation is its reconstruction, restoration and maintenance
of the entire oral system, nevertheless if it is implant-supported or dent-supported. It demands rehabilitation within the
physiological, functional and aesthetics wellness of the stomatognathic system.
Today patients with advanced periodontal disease and indications of serial extractions refuse to remain edentulous or to use
some type of removable device while implants are healing, these patients go from dentulous to edentulous in minutes, there are huge
aesthetics considerations in treatments offered; these dentulous patients expect to recover aesthetics, and function, immediately
and dream to have individual teeth and be able to use dental floss as if the new implant supported crowns were natural teeth. But
we know that the white aesthetic (teeth) is not enough to obtain a natural look in the mouth, the soft tissue must prevail natural. So,
what kind of treatment can those patients be offered?
This type of treatment, performed in less than 48 hours, has significant advantages over the conventional protocol: immedi-ate aesthetics and functionality, promoting osseointegration, achieving short and long term stability preservation of soft and hard anatomy, improving soft tissue aesthetics with the use of PRF, avoiding the maximum use of pink increments in final restorations, and offering to patients the option of having their individual and natural fixed teeth again, without the uncomfortable use of removable appliances while treatment is finished.
The aim of this article is to identify current opportunities for immediate implant placement, immediate loading and delayed pros-thetic phase with single screwed implant supported crowns, for patients with type V, VI, VII, VIII periodontal disease . Surgical and aesthetical considerations are presented, and protocol of clinical steps will be illustrated.
Keywords: Implants; Immediate Implant Placement; Immediate Loading; Functional Loading; Full Mouth Restoration, Restorative
Volume 2 Issue 5| May 13, 2019
Transdisciplinarity: The Basic Concept in Diagnostic and Management
of Temporomandibular Disorders and Orofacial Pain
The development of science was accompanied of different
interconnecting situations. Is so that the physical, biological, social
and psychological conditions of our patients interact reciprocally
both in their health-like aspect of sickness.
In conclusion, the specialist involved in a transdisciplinary diagnosis and management of TMD/DOF should be able to work in a biopsychosocial context and have a deep knowledge of the other involved areas in order to deliver the patient the best choice for the treatment of his pathology and essentially against their disability. and loss of function. This requires a change of basis in the current diagnostic instruments parallel to an integral disciplinary development of the specialists.
Volume 2 Issue 5| May 13, 2019
Pubmed Publications about “Oral Cancer” in the Last Year
T Maheswaran, V Ilayaraja, N Ganapathy, J Dineshshankar, TR Yoithapprabhunath and Rachel Sarah Vinothini.
Objective: To explore the pubmed publications about oral cancer in the year 2018.
Materials and Methods: Online search was conducted in the official website of MEDLINE (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/)
to find all the articles published in the year 2018 about the “Oral Cancer”. Various parameter of the each article was recorded and
Results and Discussion: Out of total 432 articles found in the pubmed about the “oral cancer” in the year 2018, abstract is available
for 387 articles and free full text is available for 143 articles. Only 41 articles are published in the Dental Journals. There is one clinical
trial, 3 case reports, 7 meta-analysis, 8 systematic review and 45 review articles about oral cancer.
Conclusion: Data about the recent publications represents the overview of current research and provides valuable information to
the prospective authors and researchers.
Keywords: Oral Cancer; Oral Oncology; Journals; Publications