Volume 2 Issue 6 | May 29, 2019
Oral Habit and its Relation to Pediatric Dentition
Habits are acquired automatisms, represented by an altered
pattern of muscle contraction with complex characteristics,
which proceed unconsciously, and regularly . Infants satisfy
their sucking urge through nutritive sucking, including bottle
and breastfeeding, as infants have inherent sucking drive. Infants
satisfy their psychological needs through nonnutritive sucking on
objects such as pacifiers, digits, or toys. At the age of 4 to 5 years,
oral habits like pacifier and digit sucking habits were replaced by
other coping mechanisms. If these oral habits continue beyond
this age, will be associated with a harmful effect on the developing
dentition and also indirectly influences the swallowing pattern.
Volume 2 Issue 6 | May 29, 2019
Prevalence of Dental Caries among School Going Children in Mixed Dentition Stage
(6 to 15 Years of Age) in the Suburbs Schools of Islamabad, Pakistan
, Qurat ul Ain Ayyub, Ahmad Usman Yusuf and Arshad Malik.
Background: Dental Caries is a common infectious disease of tooth with its high prevalence rate among children and it still continues
to be a major public health concern around the globe.
Aims and Objectives:To measure the prevalence of dental caries and determine the quality of oral hygiene maintenance with special
reference to treatment requirements among school going children.
Materials and Methods:Total n = 937 school going children from age 6 to 15 were screened. All the subjects have been randomly
selected through school visits. A team of dental surgeons performed intraoral examination in participants with special focus on the
DMFT Index showing the number of teeth that have undergone decay, extractions or restorations as a result of dental caries. Their
oral hygiene has been observed and treatment needs have been recorded, if any.
Results:It has been found that out of total n = 937 subjects who have been included in the present study and screened for their DMFT
status n = 656 subjects were males, 65% while n = 281 were females (35%). Age range was from 6 years to 15 years with mean age
ranging from 10.53 ± 2.844. These subjects have been randomly selected through school visits. Mean Decayed missing filled teeth
index (DMFT) calculated was 0.51 ± 0.902 which indicates low to moderate caries prevalence.
Conclusion:Prevalence of dental caries was found to be ranging between low to moderate among mixed dentition stage children and
the trend was even more common among the age group 9 to 11 years. Strict preventive programs should be implemented.
Keywords: Dental Caries; Dentition Stage; Decayed Missing Filled Teeth Index (DMFT)
Volume 2 Issue 6 | May 30, 2019
For Esthetic Dentistry by Women Dentists Creating the Smile with Dental Implants
The management of the peri-implant tissues is very much responsible for a natural outcome of the smile. This article shows a
treatment workflow used in 120 cases in the last 4 years with totally 963 implants using immediate implant placement/immediate
loading for full-arch reconstructions. Different implant systems were used: Nobel Biocare, MIS, Bredent, C-tech.
Keywords: Implant Dentistry; Esthetic Dentistry
Volume 2 Issue 6| May 31, 2019
Endodontic Treatment of a Tooth with Horizontal Root Fracture by MTA Apical Plug: A Case Report
Reza Sayyad Soufdoost and Ali Jamali Ghomi.
Horizontal root fracture is one of the common outcomes of the dental trauma. Conventional endodontic treatment of these teeth is
not simple due to difficulties faced with obturation such as wide apical foramen of fragment, unpredictable prognosis and absence of
barrier. Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) has become the material of choice in artificial apical barrier procedures due to many positive mechanical and chemical properties. This case report describes the management of the tooth#10 with horizontal root fracture
with a big apical lesion after many years following trauma by placing MTA plug. 18 months follow up showed a successful treatment
Keywords: Apical Plug; Dental Trauma; Endodontic Treatment; Horizontal Root Fracture; Mineral Trioxide Aggregate
Volume 2 Issue 6| May 31, 2019
Swallowing Rehabilitation in a Child with Narcolepsy and Cataplexy
Fellus Patrick and Lecendreux Michel.
Narcolepsy with cataplexy is a rare and highly debilitating neurological disorder characterized by excessive daytime sleepiness,
sleep attacks and cataplexy which correspond to sudden loss of muscle strength and preserved consciousness and are mainly
triggered by positive emotions such as laughter or excitement or telling a joke). Cataplexy may range from a slackening of the facial
muscles that is barely perceivable to a drop of the jaw or head, weakness in the neck, shoulders, knees or total collapse.
A high number of pediatric cases are diagnosed and treated at the Reference Centre for narcolepsy at University Hospital RobertDebré in Paris.
Keywords: Swallowing Rehabilitation; Child; Narcolepsy; Cataplexy
Volume 2 Issue 6| June 03, 2019
Oral Stomodeum and the Gastrointestinal System Obesity a Second Brain Dilemma
Norman Randall Thomas*.
The Gastrointestinal Tract with its nerve cells, receptors and hormones functions like a 'second brain'. The incretins that function
like hormones increase insulin secretion in response to the presence of glucose. The Cephalic phase is a nerve pathway of insulin
secretion independent of glucose. The body anticipates food as soon as it goes into the mouth /stomodeum long before nutrients
enter the stomach. All foods cause weight gain carbohydrates, proteins and fats. The dietary fats tend to have the weakest effect. Thus,
all foods cause obesity or fat deposition in the connective tissues when excessive foods are administered. Indeed maternal obesity
causes foetal obesity It has been found that this results in early eruption of the dentition due to excessive collagen cross linkage in the
extracellular mesoderm commensurate with the PhD research findings of Thomas NR 1966 which was inhibited by oral administering aminoacetonitrile lathyrogens and is supported by recent research findings by in cell biologists recently reviewed by Jenkins and
Thomas in the J California Dental Association in August 2018'
Keywords:Oral Stomodeum; Gastrointestinal System; Obesity; Brain Dilemma